Kyphosis, the excessive forward flexing of the upper back related to aging, poor posture or congentinal conditions, is characterized by an abnormally rounded upper back. With kyphosis, the vertebrae bones collapse and the spine curves forward. Kyphosis can occur at any age, but is common during adolescence.
In severe cases kyphosis can be painful, cause significant spinal deformity, and lead to breathing problems. Patients with severe kyphosis may need medical help to help reduce the excessive spinal curve and improve their symptoms.