A fine needle is inserted into the skin and muscle at the site of myofascial pain. A thin needle penetrates the skin and treats underlying muscular trigger points. Dry needling’s goal is to reduce pain, calm trigger points and restore function. This procedure is often part of a broader physical therapy approach incorporating other traditional physical therapy interventions into treatment.
Dry needling is intended to stimulate the tissue and alter the signals between the brain and muscles, allowing a to return to a more normal movement pattern. The needles may need to stay inserted for a period of time ranging from 10 seconds to 10 minutes, depending on what type of pain is being treated and how long it has lasted.