Veterbral augmentation was developed in 1984 to reduce pain and loss of function from vertebral compression fractures. For people with advanced osteoporosis, a fracture can occur with extremely minor activity, such as sneezing, coughing, getting in or out of the bathtub, or simply turning over in bed. Prior to the invention of vertebral augmentation, patients suffering from compression fractures had only the option of bed rest until the bones healed and the pain subsided.
There are two types of vertebral augmentation – Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. Your doctor will choose one of these two procedures to treat spinal fractures based on the details of your injury, your medical history, and the results of diagnostic imaging.
These minimally invasive procedures can provide rapid relief from the pain of these fractures, and patients undergoing these treatments are typically able to resume normal activity in the same day. These treatments offer effective and lasting relief from osteoporosis and spinal fractures, and also provide an alternative to open back surgery. Patients who follow a treatment plan including kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty report significant reduction of their pain and improvement of their range of motion and quality of life.